Academic References

This bibliography includes references considering research implications from different sectors of environmental and social anthropology as well as social psychology.

Common Cultural perceptions/challenges of accommodating neurodiversity

  • AMA J Ethics. 2015;17(4):348-352. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.4.msoc1-1504.
  • Autism and the concept of neurodiversity. Disabil Stud Q. 2010;30(1). Accessed February 18, 2015.
  • Blume H. Neurodiversity. The Atlantic. September 30, 1998. 
  • Sasson, N.J., Faso, D.J., Nugent, J., Lovell, S., Kennedy, D.P. and Grossman, R.B., 2017. Neurotypical peers are less willing to interact with those with autism based on thin slice judgments. Scientific reports, 7(1), pp.1-10.
  • Hendrickx, S., 2010. The adolescent and adult neuro-diversity handbook: Asperger’s syndrome, ADHD, dyslexia, dyspraxia, and related conditions. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Holliday Willey, L., 1999. Pretending to be normal: Living with Asperger’s syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley.
  • Mottron, L., 2011. The power of autism. Nature, 479(7371), pp.33-35.
  • Portway, S. M., & Johnson, B. (2005). Do you know I have Asperger’s syndrome? Risks of a non-obvious disability. Health, Risk & Society, 7(1), 73–83. doi:10.1080/09500830500042086.
  • Solomon A. The autism rights movement. New York Magazine. June 2, 2008. Accessed February 18, 2015.
  • Additional links:

Anthropological perspectives on phenomenology and individual cognition

  • Atran, S., 1993. Cognitive foundations of natural history: Towards an anthropology of science. Cambridge University Press. Bloch, M., 2012. Anthropology and the cognitive challenge. Cambridge University Press. 
  • Bloch, M.E., 2018. How we think they think: Anthropological approaches to cognition, memory, and literacy. Routledge.
  • Decoteau, C.L., 2017. Learning to see otherwise. Ethnography, 18(1), pp.68-75.
  • Hull, L., Petrides, K.V. and Mandy, W., 2020. The female autism phenotype and camouflaging: A narrative review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, pp.1-12
  • Lawlor, M.C. and Solomon, O., 2017. A phenomenological approach to the cultivation of expertise: Emergent understandings of autism. Ethos, 45(2), pp.232-249.
  • Solomon, O., 2010. Sense and the Senses: Anthropology and the Study of Autism. Annual Review of Anthropology, 39, pp.241-259.

Natural relationship as cultural identifier/identity and the natural environment:

  • Carrier, J.G. and West, P., 2009. Introduction: surroundings, selves and others: The political economy of environment and identity. Landscape Research, 34(2), pp.157-170.
  • Clayton, S. and Opotow, S., 2003. Introduction: Identity and the Natural Environment.
  • Hinds, J. and Sparks, P., 2008. Engaging with the natural environment: The role of affective connection and identity. Journal of environmental psychology, 28(2), pp.109-120.
  • Hinds, J. and Sparks, P., 2009. Investigating environmental identity, well-being, and meaning. Ecopsychology, 1(4), pp.181-186.
  • Rubinstein, R.L., 1990. Personal identity and environmental meaning in later life. Journal of Aging Studies, 4(2), pp.131-147.

Neurodiversity, health and wellbeing connection

  • Torng, C.S., 2013, July. The Relationship Between Nature Experiential Activities and Multiple Intelligences Development with Autism Children. In 2013 Seventh International Conference on Complex, Intelligent, and Software Intensive Systems (pp. 683-687). IEEE.
  • Russell, A., Gaunt, D.M., Cooper, K., Barton, S., Horwood, J., Kessler, D., Metcalfe, C., Ensum, I., Ingham, B., Parr, J.R. and Rai, D., 2020. The feasibility of low-intensity psychological therapy for depression co-occurring with autism in adults: The Autism Depression Trial (ADEPT)–a pilot randomised controlled trial. Autism, 24(6), pp.1360-1372.
  • Selhub, E.M. and Logan, A.C., 2012. Your brain on nature: The science of nature’s influence on your health, happiness and vitality. John Wiley & Sons. 
  • Sharma, S.R., Gonda, X. and Tarazi, F.I., 2018. Autism spectrum disorder: classification, diagnosis and therapy. Pharmacology & therapeutics190, pp.91-104.
  • Vakoch, D.A. and Castrillón, F. eds., 2014. Ecopsychology, Phenomenology, and the Environment. Springer.

Wilderness Therapy

Human rewilding

Outdoor spaces for adults with ASD/therapy gardens

Qualitative analysis:

  • Barker, C., & Pistrang, N. (2015). Research Methods in Clinical Psychology: An Introduction for Students and Practitioners. John Wiley & Sons. 
  • Braun, V. and Clarke, V., 2006. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology, 3(2), pp.77-101.
  • Elliott, R., Fischer, C. T., & Rennie, D. L. (1999). Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 38(3), 215–229. doi:10.1348/014466599162782. 
  • Pellicano, E., Dinsmore, A., & Charman, T. (2014). What should autism research focus upon? Community views and priorities from the United Kingdom. Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 18(7), 756–770. doi:10.1177/ 1362361314529627. 
  • Smith, J. A. (1995). Semi structured interviewing & qualitative analysis. In J. A. Smith, R. Harre, & L. Van Langenhove (Eds.), Rethinking Methods in Psychology (pp. 9–26). London: Sage. 
  • Stiles, W. (1999). Evaluating qualitative research. Evidence Based Mental Health., 2, 99–101. doi:10.1136/ebmh.2.4.99. 

Female vs male ASD:

  • Baron-Cohen, S., Wheelwright, S., Skinner, R., Martin, J. and Clubley, E., 2001. The autism-spectrum quotient (AQ): Evidence from asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism, malesand females, scientists and mathematicians. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 31(1), pp.5-17.
  • Bejerot, S., Eriksson, J.M., Bonde, S., Carlström, K., Humble, M.B. and Eriksson, E., 2012. The extreme male brain revisited: gender coherence in adults with autism spectrum disorder. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(2), pp.116-123.
  • Carpenter, B., Happé, F. and Egerton, J. eds., 2019. Girls and autism: educational, family and personal perspectives. Routledge.
  • Ciampi M (2013) Navigating the female Aspergian mind. Annals of Psychotherapy & Integrative Health 16(2): 34–39.
  • Cridland, E.K., Jones, S.C., Caputi, P. and Magee, C.A., 2014. Being a girl in a boys’ world: Investigating the experiences of girls with autism spectrum disorders during adolescence. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 44(6), pp.1261-1274.
  • Egerton, J., & Carpenter, B. (2016). Girls and autism: Flying under the radar, a quick guide to supporting girls with autism spectrum conditions. Retrieved March 1, 2019 from
  • Gould J and Ashton-Smith J (2011) Missed diagnosis or misdi- agnosis? Girls and women on the autism spectrum. Good Autism Practice 12(1): 34–41.
  • Hiller, R. M., Young, R. L., & Weber, N. (2014). Sex Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder based on DSM-5 Criteria: Evidence from Clinician and Teacher Reporting. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. 
  • Kenyon, S. (2014). Autism in Pink: Qualitative Research Report. Retrieved from Autism In Pink Website. 
  • Kirkovski, M., Enticott, P.G. and Fitzgerald, P.B., 2013. A review of the role of female gender in autism spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 43(11), pp.2584-2603.
  • Lai M-C, Lombardo MV, Pasco G, et al. (2011) A behavioral comparison of male and female adults with high func- tioning autism spectrum conditions. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20835. 
  • Lowry, L. (2017). Misunderstood girls: A look at gender differences in autism. Hanen Early Language Program. Retrieved March 20, 2019 from—Printer-Friendly/Research-in-your-Daily-Work/Misunderstood-Girls-A-look-at-gender-differences-i.aspx.
  • Suckle, E.K., 2020. DSM-5 and Challenges to Female Autism Identification. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, pp.1-6.
  • Szalavitz, M. (2016). Autism—It’s different in girls. Scientific American. Retrieved March 22, 2019 from
  • Van Wijngaarden-Cremers, P.J., van Eeten, E., Groen, W.B., Van Deurzen, P.A., Oosterling, I.J. and Van der Gaag, R.J., 2014. Gender and age differences in the core triad of impairments in autism spectrum disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 44(3), pp.627-635.

Adult experiences of ASD:

  • We Belong: The Experiences, Aspirations and Needs of Adults with Asperger’s Disorder and High Functioning Autism. (2013) Sydney: Autism Spectrum Australia.
  • Baldwin, S., & Costley, D. (2016). The experiences and needs of female adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 20(4), 483–495. 
  • Bargiela, S., Steward, R. and Mandy, W., 2016. The experiences of late-diagnosed women with autism spectrum conditions: An investigation of the female autism phenotype. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 46(10), pp.3281-3294.
  • Beardon L and Edmonds G (2007) ASPECT Consultancy Report: A National Report on the Needs of Adults with Asperger Syndrome. Sheffield: The Autism Centre, Sheffield Hallam University.
  • Brugha, T.S., McManus, S., Bankart, J., Scott, F., Purdon, S., Smith, J., Bebbington, P., Jenkins, R. and Meltzer, H., 2011. Epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders in adults in the community in England. Archives of general psychiatry, 68(5), pp.459-465.
  • Dunne, S. (2015). Autism as an adult: ‘On the many days I spend alone I forget how to talk’. The Guardian, 16 September. Retrieved March 1, 2019 from
  • Holliday-Willey, L. H. (2014). Pretending to be Normal: Living with Asperger’s Syndrome (Autism Spectrum Disorder) (Expanded ed.). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. 
  • Hull, L., Petrides, K.V., Allison, C., Smith, P., Baron-Cohen, S., Lai, M.C. and Mandy, W., 2017. “Putting on my best normal”: Social camouflaging in adults with autism spectrum conditions. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 47(8), pp.2519-2534.
  • Hurlbutt, K., & Chalmers, L. (2002). Adults with autism speak out perceptions of their life experiences. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 17(2), 103–111. doi:10.1177/ 10883576020170020501. 
  • Lai, M.C. and Baron-Cohen, S., 2015. Identifying the lost generation of adults with autism spectrum conditions. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2(11), pp.1013-1027.
  • Russo, F. (2018). The cost of camouflaging autism. Spectrum (21 February) Retrieved March 1, 2019 from
  • Steward, R. (2014). The Independent Woman’s Handbook for Super Safe Living on the Autistic Spectrum. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
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